National Conference on Crop Residue Management

Union Minister of State for Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Shri Parshottam Rupala, has inaugurated the National Conference on Crop Residue Management organized for the farmers from the states of Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, and NCT Delhi.

The conference has been attended by more than 1000 farmers from these 4 states. This conference has been held to discuss the issues of farmers and management of crop residue which is high in these four states.

The objective of The National Conference on Crop Residue Management

It has been noticed in the last few years that improper burning of crop residue across these has increased the level of air pollution in north India and the most affected is the NCT, Delhi.

Therefore, to support the efforts of the Governments of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and NCT of Delhi to address air pollution and to subsidize machinery required for in-situ management of crop residue through agriculture mechanization, a Central Sector Scheme for the period 2018-19 to 2019-20 has been implemented by Ministry in these States with a total outgo of Central funds Rs.1151.80 crores.

To make farmers aware of the impact of burning the crop residue and providing better techniques and knowledge to the farmers, this National Conference has been organized by the Ministry of Agriculture and ICAR (Indian Council of Agriculture Research).

Creation of Custom Hiring Centres for Farm Machinery

What is Custom Hiring Centres for Farm Machinery: The Custom Hiring Centres for Farm Machinery are the Centres, where farmers, especially small and marginal farmers, are provided the modern farm machines to help in improving the output of their farm outputs. These centres help the farmers to unload the stress of buying heavy machines for their farms.

During the year 2018-19, total funds of Rs. 584.33 crores were released to the State Governments of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and ICAR. All three State Governments have distributed 32,570 machines to the farmers on individual ownership basis and established 7,960 Custom Hiring Centres.

Establishment of Custom Hiring Centres

Custom hiring centres (CHCs) for farm implements were established in 100 NICRA villages to tide over the shortage of labour and improve the efficiency of agricultural operations.

A committee of farmers’ nominated by the gram sabha manages the custom hiring centre. The rates for hiring the machines/ implements are decided by the Village Climate Risk Management Committee (VCRMC). This committee also uses the revenue generated from hiring charges for repair and maintenance of the implements and the remaining amount goes into the revolving fund.

There are 27 different types of farm machinery stocked in 100 CHCs. The most popular are rotavator, zero till drill, drum seeder, multi-crop planter, power weeder and chaff cutter. Each centre was established at a capital cost of Rs 6.25 lakhs funded by the NICRA project.

Launch of CHC Farm Machinery Android App

The Minister also launched a multilingual Mobile App “CHC Farm Machinery” for the farmers to avail the custom hiring services of CHCs located in the radius of 50 Kms. This app can be downloaded on any android phone from Google Play Store.

This app connects the farmers with Custom Hiring Service Centres in their area and helps them to book the farm machine online also. This app allows the farmers to check the availability of the machines required for their farms.

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