Functioning of Information Management and Analysis Centre & IFC-IOR
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Recently, the Defense Minister reviewed the functioning of Information Management and Analysis Centre & IFC-IOR (Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region) situated at Gurugram, Haryana.

Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) was established in 2014 with the aim to monitor the threats in the Indian Ocean Regions. The IFC has been established at Gurugram, India and is collocated with the Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC) which is jointly administered by the Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard.

Background

The Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC), at Gurgaon, established in 2014 under the National Maritime Domain Awareness (NMDA) Project.

The NMDA project was launched in accordance with the vision of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi on SAGAR (Security And Growth for All in the Region).

Later, the IFC-IOR (Information Fusion Centre – Indian Ocean Region) is a collaborative initiative by the Indian Navy in coordination with partner nations and multi-national maritime agencies to enhance the Maritime Domain Awareness and Maritime Security.

Description

The Information Management and Analysis Centre (IMAC), at Gurgaon, is the centre where data from various sensors and databases are aggregated, correlated and then disseminated to various stations for enhanced awareness.

It is a network links 51 Naval and Coast Guard stations, located along the coast and on island territories of India called The NC3I (National Command Control Communication Intelligence).

The network provides these stations coastal surveillance information obtained from various sensors such as the coastal radar chain of the Indian Coast Guard and automatic tracking systems as well as electro-optical cameras.

The network rides on dedicated terrestrial data circuits, as well as, satellite communication, which helps the stations in remote locations to be networked.

IFC-IOR is established with the vision of strengthening maritime security in the region and beyond, by building a common coherent maritime situation picture and acting as a maritime information hub for the region.

The functioning

The virtual launch of the IFC-IOR centre is a collaborative, inclusive and high tech approach adopted to detect and deter maritime security threats of the region. The entire mechanism would comprise of ideology supported by following three pillars:-

  • Confidence and capacity building amongst partner nations, thereby ensuring swift and accurate exchange of information pertaining to maritime security.
  • Maintaining extensive and continuous linkages to ensure comprehensive MDA of the region thereby achieving transparency of maritime environment.
  • Use of high tech including state of the art methods and analytic tools to undertake traffic analysis thereby ensuring that any emerging threats and trends are predicted in time.

The centre analyses the data of coming and going ships in the Indian Ocean by collecting the data from various sources, from the partner countries and the radars installed across the coast and territories of India, and through satellites.

The purpose

The Indian Ocean Region, in view of its strategic location as also being home to a vast majority of the world’s population, can be considered as the economic highway that drives global commerce.

With over 75% of the world’s maritime trade and 50% of daily global oil consumption passing through the region; Indian Ocean Region (IOR) is vital to world trade and the economic prosperity of many nations.

The IOR is also a fragile environment, with threats such as maritime terrorism, piracy, human and contraband trafficking, illegal and unregulated fishing, arms running and poaching being prevalent. Facilitating a conducive environment to undertake legitimate maritime activities in this region is a necessity.

Hence, the establishment of IFC- IOR would ensure that the entire region is benefitted by mutual collaboration and exchange of information and understanding the concerns and threats which are prevalent in the region.

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