Rules to remember:
This direction chart has to be remembered and drawn while solving the questions. Follow the directions according to the questions have specified from the initial point to final point.
How to solve Questions:
Ans: You know sunrises in the East. And, Mohan walked towards pole whereas the shadow of the pole fall exactly right of him.
Case-1: If pole is in the North, and Mohan walks towards it. The shadow of pole will be on Left of him (Sun rises in the East).
Case-2: If pole is in the South and Mohan walks towards it. The shadow of the pole will be on Right of him.
Hence, case-2 satisfies it. The answer will be South direction Mohan is facing.
(i) Starting from A, Ramesh moved Southwards 10km. Then, taking the point B, he turned right, and then again right on point C and last, turned left on point D and reached at E (Final point). Since, the initial point is A and the final point is E, the distance will be AE = AD + AE = 15km will be the answer.
(ii) You have to find the direction from point A. Draw the directions taking point A as the center as you have to find the direction of final point i.e. E taking consideration from initial point i.e. A. Hence, E is West to A.
(i) Similarly, in this question again draw the direction as specified. Starting from the point A, Deepak finishes at point E. The distance between original position to final position is AE = AD + DE = 40 + 20 = 60 m.
(ii) The direction is to find from original position i.e. A and E lies to the West of A.
Place A,B,C,D as per the instructions given in the question after drawing the direction arrows to easily comprehend the question and find out the answer. In question, the direction is asked to the respective of C. Hence, the answer is South-East direction.
Tracing the path according to the question, the distance between Veeru and Veena is AB = 5 + 3 = 8 km.
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