Brief description of Refugees Crisis in Europe

Middle east is facing turmoil for many years, and becoming worse day by day. Syrian Shia-Sunni conflict and establishment of ISIS over Iraq and Syrian territories have pushed the refugees seeking asylum in other nations. The influx of refugees from the conflict zone to Europe and North America have created another contemplated debate among the US and its allies. The migration of large number of people is a distress migration which is taking place not only from Syria but also from other nations like Afghanistan and Eritrea. According to an estimate, more than 464,000 distress migrants have crossed into Europe for the first nine months of 2015. Out of this, 39% is due to Syrian civil war 2011; Afghans escaping the ongoing war with Taliban rebels constitute 11% and Eritreans fleeing forced labour constitute 7% of the total refugees. 

What is UNHCR

UNHCR- United Nations Human Commission for Refugees is a nodal agency for the management of refugee issues at the global level. Originally, this agency emerged in the wake of World War 2 ro help Europeans displaced by that conflict. It was established on December, 4, 1950 by the United Nations General Assembly. The United Nations General Assembly adopted the Convention relating to the Status of Refugee on July 28, 1951 which is the basic legal mechanism for helping refugees and the basic statute guiding UNHCR’s work. This agency works in 125 countries with 109 regional and branch offices and 341 often remote sub-offices and field offices, with headquarter in Geneva UNHCR is concerned with ongoing crisis in the Middle east and bounded to provide proper asylum and protection under the Refugee Convention on the status of Refugees, 1951. This refugee influx has the negatively affect the demographics and economics of the countries like Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon initially providing basic food and shelter.

Now, UNHCR is out of fund and seeking the US and its allies to provide asylum and refugees right under the Refugee Convention. But, the fear of terror is pulling back the European countries to provide asylum. Germany and France has adopted more accommodative posture for the refugees. But, the influx of refugees has raised economic, cultural, and security concerns in European capitals.Worrisome is added after Paris attack in November. Some observers have raised the threat to Christian values by the influx of large number of Muslims refugees into their territories.

Many European countries have shown reluctant to accept Muslim refugees. Countries like Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland and Slovakia have expressed a strong preference for Non-Muslims migrants. In spite of much talk of human rights, many European countries face the difficulty in integrating minorities in social and cultural mainstream. But, as said there is always a sliver lining in the black clouds. German and Sweden have come out with the most generous asylum policies in EU. German Chancellor has declared that Germany can provide 5 lakh per year refugees for several years. Sweden has also adopted liberal measures to settle incoming refugees. US and its allies fail to prevail tranquility in the Middle east and unable to counter the refugee crisis. European Union members now should work according to the Refugees Convention 1951 to provide basic food and shelter. US and other Nations need to show integrated approach in this matter and counter the fear of ISIS and Islamophobia which may dent the faternity among different communities.

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